Kartik Goyal The Medical Hub

What happens during colonoscopy? How do I prepare myself for a colonoscopy?

What, How, When & Why? 

All these questions are common to occur in an individual mind when they choose to get any treatment plan. In this blog, we are going to discuss the colonoscopy so that you can prepare yourself in the right way and nothing will come to you as a surprise.

What happens during a colonoscopy?

The colonoscopy takes around 30 to 60 minutes to perform. You will be given sedatives that make you feel relaxed but drowsy after the procedure.

  • A colonoscope is inserted per rectally which allows a better look at the colon lining & different abnormalities are checked. The device is put through the rectum area and then it further goes into the large intestine.
  • The scope is flexible which allows it to move easily in the colon region and by doing so, there is better visibility of everything. The scope helps in blowing air to the colon area and then everything is easily visible.

During the procedure, it is expected to have normal cramps. Just make sure the entire time you take deep breaths.

Is there something that I need to be careful about before getting a colonoscopy?

Make sure that you tell the doctor if you are undergoing any sort of health issue like:

  • Pregnancy
  • Lung problem
  • Heart problem
  • Allergy
  • Diabetes

What are the necessary steps to prepare for the colonoscopy?

Diet & fluid intake needs to be limited before the procedure. Just make sure that you follow and do everything as to what the doctor says. Following the treatment, it’s better to ask someone to drop you back at your place. As you are under the effect of sedatives, make sure to not drive for 8 hours.

What happens after you undergo colonoscopy?

  • The doctor will keep a close check over your condition for 30 minutes.
  • It’s normal to experience cramps, gas, although it usually goes away.
  • As per the doctor suggests you can eat your normal food

You need to follow every single instruction given by the doctor.

Signs that you need to call the doctor

Although complications are rare with colonoscopy, it is essential that you carefully take into account everything. The problem of puncture and bleeding is rare. You must consult the doctor at the earliest if you notice the following signs:

  • Severe abdominal pain, chills, or fever
  • Excess or prolonged rectal bleeding